Studied at Tongji University in 1927. Served as Vice-Minister and Minister of Ministry of Health of China, the Director of National Family Planning Commission. President of the Red Cross Society of China.
In 1983, he won the first United Nations Population Award. He was the editor-in-chief of the "Encyclopedia of Chinese Medicine" and the author of "New Population". He is a representative of the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, a member of the Central Advisory Committee, a representative of the third and sixth National People's Congress, a member of the Standing Committee of the fifth National People's Congress, and a representative of the first National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. Passed away in Beijing on December 31, 2009, at the age of 98.