Graduated from the Medical School of Tongji University in 1949. Famous expert in hepatobiliary surgery and academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. An academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Winner of the State Highest Science and Technology Award in 2005.
He enrolled the Tongji High School in 1940 and graduated from the former School of Medicine of Tongji University in 1949. He was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991 and won the State Highest Science and Technology Award in 2005. In May 2011, China named the asteroid 17606 "Wu Meng Chao Xing" in honor of him. On February 3, 2012, he was honorably elected as Touching China's 2011 Person of the Year.
WU Mengchao was the first to put forward the new insights into the "five-leaf and four-segment" liver anatomy in China. He pioneered the intermittent hilar-blocking liver resection method at room temperature in China. He was the first to break through the forbidden area ofthe human middle liver surgery and established a complete liver cavernous vessel early diagnosis and treatment system for tumors and small liver cancers. He presided over the establishment of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Disease Treatment and Research Specialty Center, which has successively won 24 national, military and Shanghai Science and Technology Progress Awards, published 19 medical monographs such as "Atlas of Abdominal Surgery" and "Hepatic Surgery", and published more than 220 papers articles.